To Fortell the destiny of a Nation
it is necessarry to open the book of the past first
A Patriot is born
Jose Protasia Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda; the national hero of the Philippines and pride of the Malayan race, know as Jose Rizal was born on 19-6-1861, in Calamba, Laguna.
He was the seventh child in a family of 11 children, both his parents were educated and belonged to distinguished families.
On May 3, 1882, he sailed for Spain where he continued his studies at the Universidad Central de Madrid.
On June 21, 1884, he was conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine and on June 19, 1885, at the age of 24, he finished his course in Philosophy and Letters with a grade of “excellent.” He attended medical lectures at the University of Paris, Berlin and Heidelberg. Traveled in Europe, America and Asia and mastered 22 languages.
At 1890 in Paris he reprinted SUCESSOS DE LAS ISLAS FILIPINAS that the Filipinos had a civilization worthy to be proud, long before the Spaniards set foot on Philippine soil. Because of his fearless exposures of the injustice Rizal provoked those in power.
Upon enrolling his school in Manilla, he dropped the last three names to “José Protasio Rizal” what enabled him to travel freely and disassociate him from his family.
A Call for Human Rights
As leader of the reform movement of Filipino students in Spain, Rizal contributed to the Spanish newspaper La Solidaridad in Barcelona…
The core of his writings centers on liberal ideas of individual rights and freedom; specifically, rights for the Filipino people.
Rizal’s Liga Filipina were battling,
in Rizal’s own words, “a double-faced Goliath”, corrupt friars bad government.
- To unite the entire archipelago into a compact, vigorous, and homogeneous body,
- To have mutual protection in every existence of need and equal rights before the law.
- Freedom of assembly and Speech, to defend against all violence and injustice.
- Filipino priest instead of Spanish friars.
The colonial authorities in the Philippines did not favor these reforms …
At 1892, back in Manilla, he formed La Liga Filipina who advocated social reforms through legal means….
because of that he was declared an enemy of the state by the Spanish authorities.
Shot dead in the back
Rizal volunteered to serve in Cuba to help victims of the Yellow Fever, but he was arrested and sent back home because the rebellion became a full-blown Revolution.
While imprisoned in Fort Santiago, he issued a Manifesto disavowing the current revolution in its present state, declaring that the education of Filipinos to achieve a national identity were prerequisites to freedom.
Rizal was tried before a Court Martial for Rebellion , Sedition and Conspiracy.
Although not guilty, the Catholic Church pressured the Spanish government.
The captain in charge of the execution instructed Rizal to position himself, to turn his back against the squad … but Rizal requested to face the firing squad, as such position was only for traitors and he was not one of them.
At that moment a Jesuit priest came running and asked Rizal to kiss the crucifix that he held, but Rizal turned his back on the priest and thus, against the firing squad … ready to be shot. His last words were those of Jesus Christ: “consummatum est” – “it is finished.”
He was secretly buried in Pacò Cemetery in Manila with no identification on his grave.
The proces of internalization of a hero’s life and works takes time, with the youth forming a part of that.
Heroes are those who thinks of future generations and the quality of life. For the destiny of a nation they they struggle for the nation’s freedom.
In reality, however, a Revolution has no end….
they are only the beginning…
One cannot aspire to be free, only to sink back into bondage.
Heroes are those who define and contribute to a system of life in freedom. Freedom without order, will only lead to anarchy.
So they are those who make the nation’s constitution and laws. This is the beginning, for it is the people living under the constitution that truly constitute a nation.
Rizal was known for his meekness, coolness and kindness.
He used his pen to criticize the handling of the Spanish government, the clerks and priest in the Philippines.
That’s why, when the US accepted the Philippines as a vassal country from Spain, the new governor Gen. Taft appointed Jose Rizal as a National Hero, what was a strategy to douse the fighting fervor of the Filipinos who where fighting for freedom at that time.
… The Revolution continues ….